Jane Addams was born today in Cedarville, Illinois, in 1860. A founder of Chicago's famed settlement house Hull-House, she was a major leader in the suffrage and peace movements, instrumental in the 1915 International Congress of Women that eventually resulted in the founding of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Delegates from the congress (including Addams) attempted to bring an early end to World War I, and the congress's platform (presented to President Wilson in August 1915) is unmistakably echoed in Wilson's later Fourteen Points. Various Chicago-area celebrations to mark Addams's birthday are planned for September 8.
About the image: Jane Addams, ca. 1907. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division